Long Cross Coinage 1247-1279

This was introduced in 1247 under Henry III to try to reduce the problem of underweight coins caused by coin clipping. The new coins extended the cross on the reverse to the edge of the coin to try safeguard against clipping. The coin could easily be cut into halves or quarters for smaller change.

Because of the introduction of the new coinage it was necessary to reopen many of the old provinical mints to supply enough coins. Short-cross Henry III pennies were minted at Bury St Edmunds, Canterbury, Durham, London, Winchester and York. Long-cross pennies were produced at Bristol, Bury St Edmunds, Canterbury, Carlisle, Durham, Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, Ilchester, Lincoln, London, Newcastle, Northampton, Norwich, Oxford, Shrewsbury, Wallingford, Wilton, Winchester, and York.

The earlier coins have no mint or moneyers names. Long cross coins continued into the reign of Edward I but were discontinued in1279 and a new style of penny introduced.



                                      Henry III long cross pennies (courtesy Lloyd Bennett)