The Gold Penny of Henry III

A very rare coin with only eight specimens known. This coin was the first gold coin introduced in the Middle Ages. It was minted in 1257 but by 1258 production has ceased due to unpopularity with merchants. It would not be until 1344 with the introduction of the Noble that a gold coinage became sucessful in England

The coin had a value of twenty pence. The obverse shows the king enthroned, with the legend HENRICUS REX III (King Henry III), while the reverse contains a long cross extending to the edge, with a flower in each quarter, and the moneyer's name in the legend, thus WILLEM ON LUND (William of London).

The Fitzwilliam Museum have a specimen on display. Click this link to view the coin.